Mitu, the capital of the Vaupes department, is one of the most remote birding destinations in Colombia. This hotspot for avian diversity is located in the Amazon region, but contains unique vegetation, topography and avifauna than the rest of the Colombian Amazon. A mosaic of habitats can be found in close vicinity of the town, including unique white-sand forest, isolated mountains, tropical lowland forest, and savannas.
The Colombian portion of the Amazon rainforest borders with northern Ecuador and Peru and with northwestern Brazil. Leticia, along the banks of the mighty Amazon River, has excellent amenities and great birding in the region of Colombia with the most national parks and Imortant Bird Areas (IBAs) Tropical rainforest is the predominant habitat in the area, where up to 310 inches mm of rain may fall in a single year.
With over 750 bird species in the Colombian Amazon, the bird list for the areas is numerous and includes many rare and restricted distribution species. Target species of the area include Castelnau's Antshrike, Wattled Curassow, White-eared Jacamar, Lettered Aracari, Ochre-striped Antpitta, Leaden Antwren, Banded Antbird, Zimmer’s Woodcreeper, Purplish Jacamar, Rufous-breasted Piculet, Golden-collared Toucanet and Olive-spotted Hummingbird. Logistically, Leticia and its surroundings offers the most easily accessible birding, but Mitu is rapidly becoming the go to destination as it is a more isolated and less touristy than Leticia.