What is amazing about Bogota is that it offers excellent birding opportunities within city limits, with a network of urban parks in one of Latin America's most modern cities. It is the remnants of what was once a vast network of wetlands and lakes, and offers unique birding opportunities within a metropolis, most notably in La Florida and La Conejera wetlands. The reed beds are home to the endemic Bogota Rail and Apolinar's Marsh-wren, and are also home to Yellow-hooded Blackbird and Subtropical Doradito. Open waters harbor large numbers of Ruddy Duck, American Coot, Common Moorhen and Spot-flanked Gallinule. Another treat is the endemic Silvery-throated Spinetail, and the hyperactive Rufous-browed Conebill. The network of reserves sits at 2,600 m (8,530 ft).
The Eastern Andes is the driest of the three ranges, and also the largest, extending into neighboring Venezuela. The range offers interesting cloud forest, paramo and wetlands where many specialities and endemics can be found. Fifteen national protected areas and more than 20 Important Bird Areas (IBAs) protect the ecosystems of these Andean mountains and offer outstanding birding. The eastern Andes range borders the Orinoquia region to the east and the Magdalena Valley to the west.
Bogotá and its surroundings protected areas offer prime birding opportunities without having to travel too far. Some endemic targets include Bogotá Rail, Silvery-throated Spinetail, and Apolinar's Marsh-wren. Reserves near Bogota such as Chicaque Park and Pedro Palo Lagoon offer opportuni-ties for Turquoise Dacnis, Black Inca, Gorgeted Woodstar, Moustached Puffbird, Rufous-naped Greenlet, and Ash -browed Spinetail. At higher elevations, Brown-breasted Parakeet, Agile tit-tyrant and Rufous-browed Conebill and Coppery-bellied Puffleg are amongst the list of target species.